Terpenes & Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Extraction
Posted by Susan Shillue on 11th Jun 2018
The World of Terpenes
A major component and reason we extract the way we do is because the process provides us with a FULL-SPECTRUM OIL that includes not only all of the beneficial cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, but also the terpenes.
Terpenes may be a new term for you, but chances are, you’ve had some interactions with them. Terpenes refer to the compounds found in the essential oils of a plant, and are most prominent in citrus and conifer trees. It’s the scent you pick up when the wind blows through a rose garden. It’s the smell you inhale when breaking up rosemary stalks. It’s also that strong aroma you get standing in a dense pine forest.
And it’s the distinct flavor you experience when you taste our honey or drop our extract on your tongue.
Many herbs, fruits, vegetables and flowers contain terpenes. Originally the development of terpenes in the plant world was to ward off predators and entice pollinators, but they have come to serve a bigger purpose, especially in the cannabis plant.
In cannabis, terpenes play a major role in more ways than one. The delicious flavors and unique smells are an amazing benefit, but one of the most important roles of the terpene is being able to interact and work synergistically with the other cannabinoids and compounds in the plant. Some refer to this as the “entourage effect”. The “entourage effect” refers to the team work that happens between all the compounds of the plant and the human body. The terpenes fall into that entourage and they help to keep our products unique and of the highest quality.
There are known to be over 200 terpenes found in the cannabis plant, but there are a few that are most commonly found.
Myrcene: this terpene is associated with an earthy smell, one which also occurs in many plants such as hops, ylang-ylang, lemongrass and thyme. Mangoes are especially high in myrcene.
B-Caryophyllene: a spicy, peppery terpene found in spices such as cloves, cinnamon and basil.
A-pinene: terpene associated with (you guessed it) a pine tree forest. This terpene can also be found in orange peels, rosemary & dill. Smells are light and fresh.
Ocimene: is associated with a sweet and herbaceous aroma which can be found in plants such as mint and parsley.